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how to prevent glaucoma and nursing measures of glaucoma

how to prevent glaucoma and nursing measures of glaucoma

Glaucoma prevention

Glaucoma prevention

Preventive measures

The main target of glaucoma prevention is people with risk factors. People with glaucoma risk factors can stimulate the formation of glaucoma at any time under the stimulation of adverse mental factors, so all harmful factors that can induce increased intraocular pressure must be eliminated to prevent glaucoma.

1. Keep a good mood and avoid excessive emotional fluctuations. The main inducing factors of glaucoma are long-term bad mental stimulation, bad temper, depression, anxiety and panic.

2. Regular life, diet and daily life, combination of work and rest, proper physical exercise, no strenuous exercise, keeping sleep quality, light diet and rich nutrition, no smoking wine, strong tea and coffee, proper control of water intake, no more than 1000-1200ml per day, and no more than 400ml of one-time drinking water.

3. Pay attention to eye hygiene, protect your eyes, don't read under strong light, stay in the dark room for too long, the light must be sufficient and soft, and don't use your eyes excessively.

4. Comprehensive conditioning of systemic complications (Reference: Which eye and systemic diseases can induce the formation and aggravate the development of glaucoma? Which drugs can cause disease changes? ).

5. Pay attention to the influence of drugs.

6. Women should attach great importance to the elevated intraocular pressure during amenorrhea, menopause and dysmenorrhea. If glaucoma occurs during menstruation, they should see a specialist in time.

7. Glaucoma families and risk factors must be reviewed regularly. Once there are signs of onset, they must actively cooperate with treatment to prevent sudden loss of visual function.

Early detection of glaucoma

About 10 to 15 percent of blind people at home and abroad are caused by glaucoma, and about 2 percent of adults over the age of 40 suffer from glaucoma. Therefore, whenever people hear about glaucoma, they always turn pale at the smell, as if they saw the invisible killer of their eyes.

The so-called glaucoma is called "green cataract" in Japan. In the latest concept, it mainly means that the optic nerve of the eye can't bear the increase of intraocular pressure, which causes the damage and atrophy of the optic nerve, and then causes various visual obstacles and visual field defects.

Glaucoma has different causes, forms and mechanisms, The symptoms are also very different. Many patients often have no symptoms, while others have slight eyeball pain and discomfort. Occasionally, they see a rainbow halo around the bulb, and they are not found to have serious visual field defects and visual impairments until the end. Most of these patients belong to the so-called chronic corner open glaucoma; Another group of patients presented unbearable eye pain, headache, even vomiting and other symptoms, and most of these patients belonged to corner atresia glaucoma.

Up to now, glaucoma is not absolutely hereditary, but people with family history, diabetes, elderly people with cataract, and especially people with high myopia are all so-called high-risk groups. Taipei Yangming Hospital examined the optic nerve of young people with high myopia, and found that the nerve fiber layer of the optic disc had defects and thinning; However, the axis of high myopia is lengthened, and the deformation pressure of optic nerve becomes larger, which causes the obstacle of intraocular circulation and then affects the intraocular blood flow. Therefore, open glaucoma and visual field changes similar to ischemic optic neuropathy are also found in young patients with high myopia, which must be paid attention to.

Due to the progress of medical instruments and medicines, glaucoma should be checked as soon as possible, and adults over 40 years old or high-risk groups should be checked once or twice a year; If there is glaucoma, medication should be used on time, laser or surgery should be supplemented when necessary, and regular follow-up can be obtained for long-term control to maintain vision without blindness.

Generally, the intraocular pressure of most normal people is 12 to 20 mm Hg. The examination of intraocular pressure is one of the three important examinations for finding glaucoma, and it is also the simplest examination, especially the current pneumatic intraocular pressure examination, which is fast and convenient without anesthetics.

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