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how to prevent dental caries and nursing measures of dental caries

how to prevent dental caries and nursing measures of dental caries

Prevention of dental caries

Prevention of dental caries

1.) Prevention of dental caries begins during pregnancy

Well-developed teeth have a solid anti-caries foundation. In order to improve the anti-caries ability of teeth, we should first ensure all kinds of nutrients needed for fetal physical development and tooth development, and timely supplement high protein, calcium, vitamins and other nutrients during pregnancy to ensure the normal development of fetal tooth germ. Secondly, pregnant women should pay special attention to prevent the occurrence of various infectious diseases.

2.) Cultivate children to develop good oral hygiene habits

Because the pit and fissure on the newly erupted deciduous occlusal surface are narrow and deep, and it is easy to hide bacteria, it is a good place for dental caries. Pay attention to oral hygiene is the most critical link to prevent caries. Children should be educated to develop good oral hygiene habits from an early age, such as gargling after meals and not eating sugar and snacks before going to bed. Yang Xiaoqiong, Department of Children's Stomatology, Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Chongqing Medical University

3.) Preventing irregular dentition is beneficial to reduce the occurrence of dental caries

Irregular dentition can make food impaction or retention, which is prone to caries. Therefore, it is necessary to prevent the occurrence of irregular dentition. For example, the retained deciduous teeth and supernumerary teeth should be extracted in time during mixed dentition to repair missing teeth.

4.) Balanced nutrition,

Eat less sweets. Infants and young children should diversify their food to provide rich nutrients needed for tooth development. They should also pay attention to chewing crude fiber foods, such as vegetables, fruits, beans, lean meat, etc. When chewing, the fiber in these foods can rub the tooth surface and remove the plaque attached to the tooth surface.

5.) Regular oral examinations

Early detection of dental caries and early treatment require children to have an oral examination every 3 ~ 6 months.

6.) Application of various fluoride products

Such as fluoride toothpaste, paste, water, etc., have anti-caries effect.

7. Implement pit and fissure sealing

It is a practical and effective method, which can play an effective role in preventing caries, reduce the incidence of dental caries by more than 90%, and prevent children from suffering from dental caries.

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