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nursing Care of Intracranial Metastases-Nursing Precautions-Diet Taboo

nursing Care of Intracranial Metastases-Nursing Precautions-Diet Taboo

General care of intracranial metastases

Intracranial metastasis care

One, psychological care

Patients with malignant tumors may have a series of psychological changes such as denial period, anger period, compromise period, depression period, and acceptance period in different degrees. Close observation and different counseling and psychological support are given.

2. Nutritional care

Encourage patients to take adequate nutrition and eat a high-protein, high-vitamin, high-calorie, easy-to-digest diet. For those with poor appetite and difficulty in eating, it is advisable to eat a small amount of meals with less residue, and give intravenous high-nutrition support if necessary. Do not take spicy foods such as pepper, onion, garlic, leeks, lamb, chicken, etc. during radiotherapy.

Three, pain care

Pay attention to observe the location, nature, duration and intensity of the patient's pain, and instruct the patient to use different methods to control the pain. For those who have difficulty in controlling the pain, they can follow the doctor's advice according to the three-step pain relief program.

Fourth, postoperative care

Pay attention to monitoring vital signs and changes in the condition, and take care of drainage tubes, incisions and skin to prevent infection. If there is no contraindication after operation, you can get out of bed 1-7 days later, that is, get out of bed early. Do physical exercises and turning over on the bed first. If the body recovers well, you can gradually increase the amount of exercise and change the content of exercise.

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